GI Problems FAQs

Gastritis


What is gastritis?
Gastritis is an inflammation of the mucus membrane that lines the stomach caused by a bacterial infection of the stomach or damage from drugs or alcohol.  When the mucus layer becomes damaged the stomach wall or lining is exposed to acid, which causes the inflammation.

Acute gastritis is when the inflammation of the stomach lining occurs suddenly and is severe. Chronic gastritis is when the condition develops gradually although an individual may have chronic gastritis for years without experiencing any symptoms.

What are the symptoms of gastritis?

  • Discomfort in the upper abdomen
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Bloating
  • Fatigue
  • Bloody stools

What causes gastritis?
Gastritis can be a sign that there is an imbalance in your system making you susceptible to various diseases.  Lifestyle changes can help, like avoiding alcohol and smoking and to eat a well-balanced diet.

What causes gastritis?
The most common cause of chronic gastritis is the Helicobacter pylori bacterium or H.pylori. H.pylori, is a common bacteria passed from person to person. Non-steroid, anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin, ibuprofen, etc, may affect the stomachs ability to protect itself against its own acid.

How is gastritis treated?
Typically gastritis is treated with antacids to reduce the stomach acid in combination with any medications prescribed to treat the underlying cause. While many types of gastritis can be controlled with over-the-counter remedies, if you are experiencing any severe symptoms or any bleeding, it is essential that you contact your doctor.

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