What is Colitis?
Colitis is a non-specific term referring to inflammation of the lining of the large intestine (colon). The term was also previously used to mean irritable bowel syndrome.

What causes Colitis?

  • Acute and chronic infections including food poisoning
  • Inflammatory disorders:  ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s colitis, lymphocytic, microscopic  and collagenous colitis
  • Ischemic colitis (lack of blood flow)
  • Clostridium difficile colitis (due to antibiotics)

What are the symptoms of Colitis?

  • Abdominal pain and bloating
  • Bloody stools
  • Chills
  • Constant urge to have a bowel movement
  • Dehydration
  • Diarrhea
  • Fever
  • Increased intestinal gas

What tests are performed to diagnose Colitis?

  • Stool tests
  • Blood tests
  • Sigmoidoscopy
  • Colonscopy
  • Xrays such as CT scan

What treatments are available for Colitis?

  • Antibiotics
  • Anti-inflammatories which work on the colon
  • Steroids
  • Immunosuppressants
  • Biologic drugs such as remicade