What is Colitis?
Colitis is a non-specific term referring to inflammation of the lining of the large intestine (colon). The term was also previously used to mean irritable bowel syndrome.
What causes Colitis?
- Acute and chronic infections including food poisoning
- Inflammatory disorders: ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s colitis, lymphocytic, microscopic and collagenous colitis
- Ischemic colitis (lack of blood flow)
- Clostridium difficile colitis (due to antibiotics)
What are the symptoms of Colitis?
- Abdominal pain and bloating
- Bloody stools
- Constant urge to have a bowel movement
- Increased intestinal gas
What tests are performed to diagnose Colitis?
- Stool tests
- Blood tests
- Xrays such as CT scan
What treatments are available for Colitis?
- Anti-inflammatories which work on the colon
- Biologic drugs such as remicade