GI Conditions

About Ulcerative Colitis Ulcerative Colitis is a type of inflammatory bowel disease that causes inflammation of the colon and rectum. The exact cause of this condition is still not completely understood, but it is believed to be a result of

Rectal Bleeding What is rectal bleeding? Rectal bleeding is blood from the rectum, which may appear on the stool, toilet paper, or toilet bowl. Continuous passage of significantly greater amounts of blood from the rectum or stools that appear black,

Pancreatic Diseases What is Pancreatitis? Pancreatitis is the inflammation of the pancreas. What are the two types of Pancreatitis? Acute Chronic What is Acute Pancreatitis? Acute Pancreatitis is a sudden attack causing inflammation of the pancreas and is usually associated

Liver Disease What are some of the symptoms of liver disease? Typical signs of liver disease are fatigue, excessive tiredness, jaundice, dark urine, or light-colored stools. It is important to note that you can have liver disease with no visual

Liver Cancer What is Liver Cancer?Liver Cancer is the growth and spread of unhealthy cells in the liver. What causes Liver Cancer? Cirrhosis Long term hepatitis B and hepatitis C infection Obesity Diabetes What are the symptoms of Liver Cancer?Signs

Lactose Intolerance What is lactose intolerance?If you are lactose intolerant, your body cannot digest lactose, the sugar in dairy products. What causes lactose intolerance?Lactose intolerance is caused by either a deficiency of lactase in the body or a lack of

Irritable Bowel Syndrome What is irritable bowel syndrome?Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional gastrointestinal disorder of the colon (large intestine) that causes abdominal pain, bloating, constipation and diarrhea. No structural or biochemical cause can be found to explain the

Hepatitis What is hepatitis? Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. Toxins, certain drugs, some diseases, heavy alcohol use and bacterial and viral infections can all cause hepatitis. The most common types are Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C. What

Hemorrhoids, also referred to as piles, are a common yet frequently misunderstood medical condition affecting the lower rectum and anus. Hemorrhoids occur when the veins in these areas become swollen and inflamed, leading to pain, discomfort and other symptoms.

Helicobacter Pylori What is Helicobacter pylori?Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) are a type of bacteria that infects the inner lining of the stomach. The bacteria spread from eating contaminated water or food. Overcrowding can also help the spread of bacteria. It

Heartburn What is heartburn?Heartburn is an uncomfortable feeling of burning or warmth in the chest caused by too much stomach acid. What is stomach acid?The stomach produces stomach acid to help protect us against bacteria parasites. It aids in helping

Gastroparesis What is gastroparesis? Gastroparesis, also called delayed gastric emptying, is a disorder that slows or stops the movement of food from the stomach to the small intestine. Normally, the muscles of the stomach, which are controlled by the vagus

Symptoms Causes Treatment Types Prevention Outlook Summary FAQs About Gastritis Gastritis is a common but often misinterpreted gastrointestinal ailment that involves inflammation of the stomach lining, resulting in discomfort and a range of symptoms. This condition can manifest because of

Gallstones What are gallstones? Gallstones typically form within the gallbladder though some stones can form within other areas of the biliary tract. Gallstones are lumps of hardened, concentrated bile that contain cholesterol, bile pigments bile salts, calcium salts and/or excretory

Fecal Incontinence What is fecal incontinence (FI)? Fecal incontinence is the inability to hold a bowel movement until reaching a bathroom or accidental leakage while passing gas. Although patients often understandably feel afraid or embarrassed to talk with their physicians

Fatty Liver Disease What is fatty liver disease?Fatty liver disease (FLD) is a certain kind of fat, specifically triglyceride, accumulates in the liver cells through a process called steatosis. Steatosis is the abnormal retention of lipids within a cell. There

Diverticulitis What are diverticulosis and diverticulitis? Many people have small pouches in their colon that bulge outward through weak spots in the colon wall. Each pouch is called a diverticulum. Multiple pouches are called diverticula. Diverticulitis occurs when the pouches

Diarrhea What is diarrhea?Diarrhea is loose, watery stools that pass three or more times a day. Acute diarrhea lasts 1 or 2 days and goes away on its own but diarrhea lasting more than 2 days may be a sign

Crohn’s Disease What is Crohn’s disease?Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory bowel disease that usually affects the intestines, but may occur anywhere from the mouth to the anus. What causes Crohn’s disease?While the exact cause of Crohn’s disease is unknown, the

Constipation What is constipation?Constipation occurs when bowel movements become difficult or less frequent. The normal length of time between bowel movements varies for each person but going longer than three days without a bowel movement is too long. Signs of

Colorectal Cancer What is colorectal cancer?Colorectal cancer is a cancer that develops anywhere in the large intestine. The majority of colorectal cancers begin as benign polyps inside the colon or rectum. Colorectal cancer is the second-leading cause of cancer death

Colon Polyps What are colon polyps?A colon polyp is a growth on the inside surface of the colon (the large intestine). Some colon polyps are benign (non-cancerous), and some types may already be potentially precancerous, precancerous or frankly cancerous. What

Cirrhosis What is cirrhosis? Cirrhosis is irreversible deterioration of liver function. With an unhealthy liver, the normal cells are replaced by scar tissue which can block the flow of blood through the liver impairing the liver functions necessary for survival

Celiac Disease What is celiac disease?Celiac disease is an allergic reaction that damages the lining of the small intestine and prevents it from absorbing parts of food that are important for staying healthy. The damage is caused by a reaction

Biliary Cancer What is Biliary Cancer?There are two primary types of Biliary (Hepatobiliary) Cancer Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cholangiocarcinoma What is Biliary Cancer: Hepatocellular Carcinoma?Cancer that develops in the liver. What is Biliary Cancer: Cholangiocarcinoma?Cancer that develops within the liver’s biliary ducts.

Center of Exellence Barrett’s Esophagus Institute AT FLORIDA DIGESTIVE HEALTH SPECIALISTS Am I at risk for esophageal cancer? One type of esophageal cancer, adenocarcinoma of the esophagus, can occur in people with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). This is intestinal type

Acid Reflux Disease What is Acid Reflux Disease or Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)? GERD is a condition in which the esophagus becomes irritated or inflamed by stomach contents, such as acid. The acid backs up in the esophagus and causes